Baby teeth matterHow to give your baby a great start by looking after gums and teeth.
Clean and healthy baby's smileHow to use brush baby xylitol dental wipes to clean baby's gums and create a healthy smile for life
How to relieve dry mouthDry mouth is a very uncomfortable and affects our ability to eat and speak. Dry mouth increases risk of tooth decay, gum disease and bad breath. There are a range of products available to help dry mouth symptoms and keep you mouth comfortable and healthy at https://www.growingsmiles.co.uk/product-category/dry-mouth-products/
How to make your teeth strongerMoisturise your teeth? GC Tooth mousse and MI Paste Plus harden (remineralise) tooth surfaces attacked by sugar and/or acid. How? Recaldent™( the trademarked name for the active ingredients ACP/CCP) is derived from the milk protein, casein. For many years it has been known that milk and its derivatives have a tooth protective effect. Research has shown that this activity is due to a part of the casein protein called Casein Phosphopeptide (or CPP), which carries calcium and phosphate ions in the form of Amorphous Calcium Phosphate (or ACP).
Tooth Mousse contains this complex of CPP-ACP (Recaldent™) and is the ideal delivery system for bio-available calcium and phosphate ions to tooth surfaces due to demineralisation. MI Paste Plus in addition contains a unique, patented form of fluoride. MI Paste Plus releases all three of the ions needed to form acid-resistant fluorapatite by BOTH remineralisation and fluoridation. Used regularly these can help prevent tooth decay and tooth surface loss caused by acid erosion. Your dental team or Growing Smiles coach can advise how best to protect your smile for life. Contact us at www.growingsmiles.co.uk
Buy at https://www.growingsmiles.co.uk/shop/gc-mi-paste-plus/
How does an electric toothbrush clean?The power of an electric toothbrush moves the bristle tips on the tooth surface to clean teeth and break up the plaque biofilm. All you have to do is place the bristles along the gum line where tooth and gum meet and let the power do the work. Remember to clean the outside, the inside and the biting surface of each tooth. Clean between ( e.g with floss) before brushing and spit toothpaste out after, but don't rinse... let the active ingredients work their magic.
How to use a baby/fingertip toothbrushGet the who, what, where, when, why and how to use a fingertip toothbrush. Start cleaning baby teeth as soon as they first appear in the mouth. This can also be used by anyone who struggles with a manual or electric brush. More information and buy https://www.growingsmiles.co.uk/shop/finger-toothbrush-by-oranurse/
How to eat sweets and not ruin your teeth - Sugar free sweets that taste great!Dr Johns sugar free xylitol sweets taste great and are safe for teeth and good for your waistline. Developed by and dentist and hygienist in the USA Growing Smiles are expanding the range they stock in the UK.
How to floss with a water flosserWater flossing with the Waterpik water flosser is a great way to clean between teeth if you can't use or won't use dental floss or interdental brushes.
Find out more and buy at https://www.growingsmiles.co.uk/brand/waterpik/
How to clean baby's teeth.BrushBaby xylitol dental wipes for cleaning baby gums and creating a healthy environment in baby's mouth from birth. Xylitol helps create a healthy environment in baby's mouth, preparing for the arrival of the first tooth. Use daily to help your child have a healthy growing smile. Pack of 28 wipes available at https://www.growingsmiles.co.uk/…/brush-baby-xylitol-baby-…/
How to repair a broken tooth/filling until you get to the dentist - First aid kit for teethFirst Aid kit for teeth. Travelling, holidays or 'out of hours' first aid to keep you going until you can access professional care. Available at https://www.growingsmiles.co.uk/…/first-aid-kit-for-teeth-…/
The ten most 'googled' oral health questionsLeighGS kicks off Talking Teeth Thursday discussing some common oral health queries. Join her every Thursday at https://www.facebook.com/leighgrowingsmiles/ for more teeth talk! 🙂
How to use electric/powered toothbrushesContrary to general belief they don't get the job done faster but they do it more effectively...used properly! .Oscillating rotating pulsating sonic ......so many options! Where to start? Available at https://www.growingsmiles.co.uk/product-category/toothbrushes/page/3/
Got a question? Join LeighGS on Thursdays to Talk Teeth via Facebook or LiveChat from 7-8pm or anytime via our LiveChat link on bottom right of page!
- Gum health – The British Society of Periodontology has lots of advise on gum disease – click here
- Child oral health – The British Society of Paediatric Dentistry had lots of advice for parents including those of an autistic child – click here
- For information on nutrition and oral health check out our good friend Juliette Reeves website – Perio-Nutrition
- Cancer therapy and your mouth. Two leaflets on mouth care by Jocelyn Harding (UK Dental Hygienist of the year 2018) One for friends, family and patients undergoing cancer therapy, before, during and after and the other for healthcare professionals. Healthcare professional version / Patient version
- Brush twice a day with a manual or rechargeable electric toothbrush: keeping teeth clean helps prevent cavities and gum problems. Young children will need an adult to brush for them. Supervise tooth brushing until at least age 7. Children may not be the only ones who need help with brushing – lots of things make it difficult to clean teeth thoroughly. From a sprained wrist to dementia, lots of things can affect our ability to look after our mouths throughout life.
- Use your toothbrush dry – no need to soak it first – the mouth is warm and wet! Spread toothpaste around all the teeth first then watch in a mirror while you brush to make sure each surface of every tooth is cleaned thoroughly. Try to place bristles where gum and tooth meet – gentle pressure is required – you aren’t cleaning the floor! Harder is not better!
- Using an electric brush? No need to move back and forth – just hold it in place on the tooth surface and let the power do the work!
- Use a fluoride toothpaste: all children up to three years old should use a toothpaste with at least 1000ppm fluoride, morning and night. Between 3-6 years, toothpaste should contain more than 1000ppm fluoride. Over 6 years and adults use between 1350ppm-1500ppm fluoride. (Look at the ingredients list on the back of the toothpaste tube to find out how much fluoride is in your toothpaste.
- Spit out after brushing but don’t rinse. Leave toothpaste around teeth to get the maximum benefit from toothpaste ingredients. After brushing, rinse bristles under running water, nip them together to help keep their shape, then store out of contact with other peoples brushes. Replace toothbrushes or electric toothbrush heads when the bristles splay out.
- Reduce the amount and the number of times you have sugary snacks (both food and drink): the more often you put sugar in your mouth the more likely you are to end up with a cavity. That includes the half teaspoon of sugar in your tea! Every time sugar comes into contact with your teeth = a ‘tooth attack’. The germs that collect on tooth surfaces, in the plaque biofilm, use sugars to produce acid which softens (demineralises) the tooth surface. After eating or drinking saliva tries to heal (remineralise) the softened tooth surfaces. This can take anywhere between 20 minutes and 2 hours depending on your saliva flow and its ability to heal. Leaving enough time for this remineralisation process to work prevents cavities developing.
- Keep sugary food and drinks to mealtimes only and avoid them before bedtime.
- Saliva flow almost stops when we sleep so we loose our secret saliva helper. When we brush before bed -100% biofilm removal is rare – best avoid sugary food and drink before sleep.
- Want a sugary treat? Eat/drink all at one go rather than ‘making it last’ over a long period of time. I often tell the story of my teenage son and chocolate digestive biscuits – he would eat his dinner then eat half the packet of biscuits – but that was it until the next morning! The result – 26 years old and decay free – we can have treats and still have healthy teeth.
*Please note this is not exhaustive and we have more to add. Please contact us or your dental team for information on which toothpaste is best suited for your oral health.
The global oral care market is worth tens of billions of U.S dollars and with the UK toothpaste market worth 461 million pounds in 2015 it’s not surprising that manufacturers are constantly developing ranges vying for your attention. Many manufacturers work closely with the dental profession to ensure they support the profession in their efforts to improve oral health. This is how fluoride added to toothpaste has made the most significant impact in improving oral health in the last 75 years. With so many options it can be a challenge knowing what is right for you and your family!
What do you use?
Whatever the wife/husband buys? Whatever Mum/Dad buys?
Your decision may be affected by cost, flavour, professional recommendation, advertising or something else but how many of us seriously think about what we put on our toothbrush?
Toothpaste can help to remove plaque biofilm from teeth and gums, reduce stain and apply agents (active ingredients) that can help improve tooth and gum health. Active ingredients can help manage tooth sensitivity, whiten teeth, or reduce gingivitis or tartar build-up.
So what should you use?
Your choice depends on your current oral health status and your risk of developing oral disease or problems. Keep in mind your risk of developing an oral condition will change throughout life, so it is important to visit the dentist regularly (as often as they recommend) to have your oral health reviewed. It is always best to prevent problems – and prevention starts at home 365 days a year. Your oral health is in your hands.
Toothpaste (dentifrice) is a paste or gel used to help clean teeth and improve oral health.
What's in the tube?
20 -42% of toothpaste is water!
Binders – thickens the paste and stabilises the formulation
e.g. Natural gums
Humectants – helps keep paste moist and prevents it hardening
help to penetrate and loosen surface deposits and contribute to foaming action of toothpaste.
e.g. Sodium lauryl sulphate (SLS)
Sodium nlauryl sarcosinate
Sodium Alkyl Sulphate
Note – some people who suffer from ulcers are sensitive to sodium laurly sulphate so avoiding SLS can help reduce ulcers
Preservatives – prevents germs growing, extends shelf life
Pigments from foods, tobacco etc can stain the plaque biofilm on tooth surfaces. Polishing agents can help remove stained biofilm
e.g Calcium Carbonate
Hyrated aluminium oxide
Flavouring – gives a pleasant flavour/mask other ingredients
e.g. essential oils
Artificial sweeteners – Xylitol, Glycerol, Sorbitol
One of the main functions of toothpaste is to apply an agent/s to the teeth and gums that benefits oral health (the active ingredient). Most commonly these agents target one or more of the following –
Acid erosion control – tooth surface loss/tooth wear
Fresh breath – halitosis/oral malodour
Some toothpastes offer all round protection with an active ingredient/s e.g. Fluoride that has proven effect against one or more oral conditions. E.g tooth decay, gum inflammation, sensitivity and acid erosion. Other pastes has an active ingredient which targets a specific problem e.g. Novamin for Sensitivity. Selection of a toothpaste should be made with your dental team and is dependent on your risk/benefit of use.
Active ingredients are added to toothpaste to improve health or reduce negative symptoms
The most common active ingredients include –
Fluoride – is found in toothpastes targeting tooth decay, gum disease and sensitivity.
Fluoride is a naturally occurring mineral found in water in varying amounts, depending on where you live. Many people don’t know if their water supply is fluoridated – speak to your dental team if you are not sure. Only 10% of England’s population have fluoridated water at an optimum level. If in doubt, information can be obtained from your water supplier by quoting your residential postcode.
More information on water fluoridation in the UK can be found here https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/Fluoride/Pages/Introduction.aspx
Fluoride was first added to toothpastes in the 1890s. In 1955, Procter & Gamble launched Crest as its first clinically proven fluoride-containing toothpaste. On August 1, 1960, the American Dental Association reported that “Crest has been shown to be an effective anti-cavity (decay preventing) dentifrice (toothpaste) that can be of significant value when used in a conscientiously applied program of oral hygiene and regular professional care.”
Supported by more than half a century of research, the benefits of fluoride toothpastes are firmly established, reducing tooth decay, by about 24% on average, when compared with a non-fluoride toothpaste.
Everyone will benefit from using fluoride toothpaste at night time and one other time every day.
Twice a day use increases the benefit.
Spit toothpaste out after brushing but don’t rinse – let the ingredients work!
Recommended level of fluoride in toothpaste –
0-3 years use a smear of paste with at least 1000ppm fluoride
3 years and over a pea sized blob of paste 1350 -1500ppm
Below is taken from Department of Health, Englands’ Delivering Better Oral Health. This is a guide only as it has not been updated since 2009. The list of ingredients will be on the toothpaste tube and will state in parts per million the amount of fluoride present.
Higher concentration fluoride gives better protection against decay
Low concentration or no fluoride – limited/no protection against decay
ALDI – Dentitex-whitening, sensitive
Aquafresh – Complete Care, Fresh & Minty,
Mild & Minty, Multi-active, Big Teeth, Little
Teeth, Extreme Clean, Clean & Whitening,
Clean Pure Breath, Iso-active foaming gel fresh
mint, citrus mint, whitening
ASDA – Total Care sensitive, Mintfresh,
Gum Health, Essential Care cool Sensation,
Whitening, Great Stuff, Little Teeth, Big Teeth
Boots – Expert Sensitive, Sensitive Whitening,
Corsodyl – daily gum and toothpaste
Colgate – Sensitive Fresh Stripe, Whitening,
Multi Protection, Enamel Protect, Sensation
Deep Clean, Total**, Total Advanced Fresh**,
Total Plus Whitening**, Total Professional
Weekly Clean**, Total Fresh Stripe**,
Triple Action, Cool Stripe. Time Control,
Whitening, 2 in 1, Advanced Whitening, Anti
Tartar & Whitening, Cavity Protection, Fresh
Confidence, Herbal, Max Fresh, Max White,
Crest – Freshmint, Mildmint, Tartar Control,
LIDL – Dentalux, Complex 3 and 5
Janina – Opale Whitening Paste
Macleans – Freshmint, Coolmint, Total Health,
Total Health Whitening, Confidence with
Marks and Spencer – Protect
Morrison’s – Total Care Whitening, Sensitive
Sainsbury’s – Total Care – Freshmint, Sensitive,
Sensodyne – Total Care Gentle Whitening,
Total Care Gel, Total Care F, Total Care Extra
Fresh, Gum Protection, Pronamel, Pronamel
Gentle Whitening, Pronamel for Children,
Multi-action with iso-active technology,
Whitening with iso-active technology
Superdrug – Total care Freshmint, Coolmint,
Tesco – Total Care Freshmint, Coolmint
stripe, Care Sensitive, Sensitive Whitening,
Gum Health, Extreme Whitening, Gentle
Whitening, Sensitive Daily Care, Sensitive
Enamel Protection, Cool Mint Stripe, Steps 6+,
Aquafresh – Multi-action + Whitening,
Arm & Hammer – Enamel Care,
Sensitive, Whitening, Advanced
ASDA – Smart Price, Smarty Pants
Softmint, Bad Boy Softmint
Beverley Hills Formula – Breath
Confidence, Natural White
Boots – Smile Fresh Stripe, Totalcare,
Clinomyn – Smoker’s, Clean and Polish
Colgate – Ultrabrite, Smiles 6+
Co-op – Freshmint
Kingfisher – Fennel with Fluoride
Macleans – Whitening, Ice Whitening
Gel, White and Shine
Mentadent P **
Morrison’s Kids – Sparkly Strawberry,
Milk Teeth, Freshmint, Minty Gel Stripe
Oral B Stages
OralDent – OralClens, Mint
Pearl Drops – Toothpolish, Daily Shine,
Smoker’s, Icemint Whitening
Sainsbury’s – Whitening, Basics,
Freshmint, Mildmint, Minty Stripe,
Superdrug – Junior Softmint, Strawberry
Glitter Gel, Tutti Frutti
Tesco – Care Freshmint, Whitening,
Steps 0–2, 2–6.
550 ppm or less
Blanx – Classic, Sensitive, Anti-Ageing, Intense Stain Removal Boots – Kids 2–6, 6+ Colgate – Smiles 2–6 Crest for Kids, Milk Teeth Oral B Stages Retardex Sainsbury’s Sparkling Gel
Blanx Biorepair – Total Protection, Sensitivity Control, Night Protect Boots Fluoride Free Eucryl Powder Euthymol Kingfisher Aloe Vera, Tea Tree LIDL Dentalux for Kids Periproducts – Sensishield Sensodyne Original Tom’s of Maine – Fennel and Spearmint
The most common types of fluoride added to toothpaste are –
Sodium Fluoride – 1350 – 1500ppm (parts per million)
Stannous fluoride – Stannous fluoride has been shown to be more effective than sodium fluoride in reducing the incidence of dental caries and controlling gingivitis (bleeding gums), but may cause more surface stains. e.g. Oral B Pro Expert, Sensodyne Rapid Relief.
Check the fluoride concentration. Look for the parts per million of fluoride (ppmF-). Less than 1000ppmF- is a low concentration and offers limited or no protection against decay. 1450ppmF- is generally used in over-the-counter UK toothpastes and is recommended by the dental profession. Children’s formulas can contain lower levels. Many people – especially those who brush well – don’t need extra active ingredients apart from fluoride.
Some toothpastes do not contain fluoride e.g. Sensodyne Original, Oral B Rembrandt Plus Fresh Mint, Euthymol.
If you are considered high risk of tooth decay, your dentist (or Doctor) may prescribe a high fluoride toothpaste – in certain circumstances this may be a private prescription. Consider it an investment in your future dental health – regular use may prevent expensive dental treatment.
These toothpastes are prescription only medicines and either contain 2800ppm or 5000ppm and their use is based on risk assessed need with your dentist.
Sodium fluoride 2,800 ppm toothpaste Indications: high caries risk patients aged 10 years and over.
Sodium fluoride 5,000 ppm toothpaste Indications: patients aged 16 years and over with high caries risk, present or potential for root caries, dry mouth, orthodontic appliances, overdentures, those with highly cariogenic diet or medication.
NB – Further information to be added to the list below
Antibacterial agents – reduces plaque, inflamed and bleeding gums, and decay. Evidence suggests that toothpastes containing triclosan in combination with a copolymer or with zinc citrate are more effective than a fluoride only toothpaste in improving plaque biofilm control and gingival health. Triclosan is an antibacterial ingredient added to toothpaste sometimes with copolymer, which reduces the amount of triclosan washed away by rinsing or saliva. Other anti-plaque agents include bromochlorophene zinc citrate, papain and sanguinaria extract.
Tartar control agents e.g. Pyrophosphates help reduce formation of tartar (calcified plaque biofilm). Other agents that have been shown to reduce tartar – Zinc citrate.
Tartar control toothpastes will not remove tartar – calcified plaque biofilm – from the tooth surfaces. It will slow down/prevent new tartar forming. Visit your dental team to have tartar removed professionally.
Desensitising agents Ingredients that can help with sensitivity by creating a barrier to nerve endings relieving pain – Potassium nitrate, Calcium sodium phosphosilicate (NovaMin). Fluoride (Stannous or sodium fluoride), Arginine, Sodium chloride, Silver nitrate
If you find a desensitising toothpaste that works for you, you need to continue use long term or your sensitivity is likely to recur.
Remineralising agents – neutralise plaque acids, and help repair tooth enamel e.g Xylitol, Sodium fluoride
Xylitol is a sugar alcohol that occurs naturally in plants and is used as a substitute for sugar. Sources are fruits, berries, mushrooms, lettuce, hardwoods and corn on the cob. The dental significance of xylitol was discovered in Finland in the early 1970s.
Xylitol has the ability to:Reduce dental plaque formation; Make plaque less adhesive; Neutralise plaque acids by decreasing the production of acids; Reduce the numbers of decay causing bacteria in the mouth; help reduce tooth decay; reduces gum tissue inflammation; help with dry mouth and bad breath. Xylitol also stimulates salivary flow. Increased salivary flow offers protection to both the oral soft tissues and the teeth. It has also been shown that a combination of fluoride and xylitol is more effective than fluoride alone. e.g. Brush Baby toothpaste
*GC Tooth Mousse and GC MI Plus Paste with Recaldent are effective remineralising agents for teeth. It is used as well as a toothpaste and is applied to the tooth surface and left – consider it a moisturiser for teeth! For more information see
Whitening agents/Stain removal – Whitening toothpastes do not typically contain bleaches. Instead, they contain abrasive particles or chemicals that polish the teeth or attach to stains and help pull them off the tooth surface.
Acid erosion prevention – Fluoride , Potassium nitrate, Zinc-hydroxyapatite, Amorphous calcium phosphate, casein phosphopeptide, Stannous Chloride e.g Sensodyne Pronamel, Oral-B Pro-Expert Enamel Regeneration.
Bad breath/Oral malodour/ Halitosis – Active ingredients Zinc citrate, Zinc acetate
Dry mouth – essential oils e.g.Biotine, Bioxtra, More to follow
Also consider Xylimelts
Acid erosion e.g. Pronamel More to follow
Ulcers/sore mouth – avoid SLS (Sodium Lauryl Sulphate, a foaming agent), e.g. Oranurse is SLS free and flavour free and non foaming.
Non foaming e.g. Oranurse. More to follow
Non fluoride e.g. some of the Splat range, Sensodyne original, Euthymol
Herbal/natural – e.g. Kingfisher (Vegan, gluten free, GM free), Aloe Vera. Often do not contain fluoride. More to follow.
Taste/flavour alternatives to mint
Abrasiveness RDA (Relative dentine abrasivity) – more to follow on how abrasive toothpastes a can be and how this can impact tooth surfaces. An abrasive toothpaste especially when used with a hard toothbrush can increase the wear on tooth surfaces.